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What are Advanced Persistent Threats?

In Cybersecurity by Ian Carnaghan2 Comments

Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) are security threats that use advanced techniques to hide their attack from their target. They are commonly used to target specific information in high-profile companies and governments. APTs usually follow a long-term strategy of attack in order to gather information from the breached system. There have been many examples of APTs over the years targeting well …

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Just What Exactly is Cybersecurity Anyway?

In Cybersecurity by Ian Carnaghan1 Comment

The word Cybersecurity is thrown around so much these days it has almost become overused in many conversations. This is due to the vast number of topics associated with its meaning. So how can we define it better? Traditionally Cybersecurity has described as a process for securing information or assets owned by governments, organizations, and individual people. The term itself …

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What is an Asymmetric Threat?

In Cybersecurity by Ian CarnaghanLeave a Comment

The term asymmetric refers to an unequal balance or when thinking about threats, an unfair advantage to the perpetrator. Phillips, A (2012) provided an excellent overview of what an asymmetric threat is. He described attacks of this nature to be undetectable, and once occurred, impossible to determine its origin. Rubin (2007) further elaborates on this concept by defining the term …

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Sketching out your Perfect Website

In CMST 386, Web Design, Web Development by Ian Carnaghan1 Comment

You’ve decided it’s time to start solidifying ideas for your ideal website. You have no doubt spent countless hours in the planning phase identifying your target audience, design considerations, and of course you have a solid idea of your overall content strategy. If you haven’t, then do yourself a favor and take a look at The Complete Guide to Building Your …

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Getting to Know Git, Github and Open Source

In CMST 386, Web Development by Ian CarnaghanLeave a Comment

Fundamental to all modern web development is a strong foundational knowledge of version control. In recent years Git has emerged as the go-to choice for many developers and continues to gain popularity. Github is a platform that uses Git for source control. It provides an environment that encourages and fosters community open source development. It is a great platform to …

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HTML5, CSS, and SEO Learning Resources

In CMST 386, Web Development by Ian Carnaghan1 Comment

The HTML5 and CSS learning resources provided here supplement classroom materials for my CMST 386 class taught at the University of Maryland University College. Please report any broken links in the LEO classroom. If you have any  suggestions for additional resources that could be added here, let me know. To access some of these resources you will need to sign …

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Business Continuity Analysis

In Cybersecurity by Ian Carnaghan1 Comment

This entry is part 12 of 12 in the series Digital Forensics

The purpose of business continuity planning is to ensure continued operations of an organization in the event of a catastrophic event, whether this may be a natural disaster or something more sinister. In recent years, we have seen the increase of cyber-attacks and breaches to the point that they have become common news worldwide. As systems have grown in complexity …

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An analysis of different data sources used in a forensics investigation

In Cybersecurity by Ian Carnaghan1 Comment

This entry is part 11 of 12 in the series Digital Forensics

This article provides an overview of four different data sources used in various forensics investigations. The first source includes system log files containing system logs within the operating system as well as an overview of some tools that can be used in order to effectively understand these logs. File systems are also discussed including the effectiveness of metadata and their …

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Forensics in Business Continuity Planning

In Cybersecurity by Ian Carnaghan1 Comment

This entry is part 10 of 12 in the series Digital Forensics

Business continuity planning in any organization today must incorporate aspects of computer forensics in order to be sustainable. According to Majore, Yoo & Shon (2014) in their article on secure and reliable electronic record management, over 90% of records created today are electronic. In addition to this electronic records require a greater amount of maintenance due to their volatility and …